Dexia SA: #13 Recipient of Fed’s “Secret Liquidity Lifelines”

The Federal Reserve extended hundreds of billions of dollars in emergency lending to foreign banks during the great financial crisis.

Dexia SA was one of the big ones.


Dexia SA – Excerpts from  Bloomberg  Nov 28, 2011:

“The biggest U.S. banks avoided the discount window, the Federal Reserve’s 97-year-old last-resort lending facility, partly out of concern that tapping it might brand them as weak. Dexia SA, a lender to local governments in Belgium, showed no such reservation.

The bank, based in Brussels and Paris, was the discount window’s biggest borrower during the crisis, tapping it for $37 billion in December 2008.

Dexia simultaneously borrowed $21.5 billion from temporary Fed programs that were primary sources of emergency funding for U.S.-based Citigroup Inc., Bank of America Corp. and JPMorgan Chase & Co. In all, Dexia owed about 120 billion euros ($168 billion) to central banks at the end of 2008. As of June 30, 2011, it still had 34 billion euros of central-bank funding.”

Peak amount of debt as of 12/31/2008:  $58.5B                          ___________________________________________

Dexia SA suffered massive net losses during 2008 and 2009 from a stream of wild, reckless investments involving Icelandic Banks, Lehman Brothers, Washington Mutual, Greek government bonds, and of all things.. investments involving Bernard Madoff’s revolving Ponzi scheme.

Since Dexia had an office in New York, they qualified for massive liquidity infusions, courtesy of the U.S. Federal Reserve.

There is perfect justification for U.S. citizens to now be granted the same access to liquidity, to mitigate debt burdens, that was provided to major foreign banks including Dexia, Barclays, HSBC, UBS, Royal Bank of Scotland, Deutsche Bank and others.

It is now time for U.S. to level the playing field.

The Leviticus 25 Plan is a dynamic economic initiative providing direct liquidity benefits for American families, while at the same time scaling back the role of government in managing and controlling the affairs of citizens.  It is a comprehensive plan with long-term economic and social benefits for citizens and government.

The inspiration for this plan is based upon Biblical principles set forth in the Book of Leviticus, principles tendering direct economic liberties to the people.

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Credit Suisse: #12 recipient of Fed’s “Secret Liquidity Lifelines”

The U.S. Federal Reserve generously infused major Wall Street global financial institutions, including foreign banks, with massive liquidity infusions during the height of the great financial crisis of 2007-2010.

One of the biggest recipients of the Fed’s generosity: Switzerland-based Credit Suisse…


Bloomberg  Nov 28, 2011Excerpts:

Credit Suisse Group AG, Switzerland’s second-biggest bank by assets, was the biggest user of the Fed’s single-tranche open market operations, or ST OMO, borrowing $45 billion in August 2008. Under ST OMO, securities firms swapped eligible mortgage bonds for cash.

The Zurich-based bank’s U.S. brokerage also used the Term Securities Lending Facility, which allowed firms to swap certain debt securities for Treasuries that could be loaned out or sold for cash. Credit Suisse took no part in any central bank’s collateralized funding facilities in the crisis, said Steven Vames, a bank spokesman in New York. TSLF doesn’t count because it involved no cash transfers, he said, and the bank borrowed from ST OMO only as a so-called primary dealer. Primary dealers weren’t required to bid in ST OMO.”

Peak Amount of Debt on 8/27/2008:  $60.8B


What are single-tranche open market operations?

The Fed’s ‘secret liquidity lifelines that ran from 2007 – 2010 generally involved various credit facilities, set up to ‘rescue’ the banking system, and make banks ‘healthy.’

ST OMO’s were another unique form of liquidity infusions that provided “term funding” to the (big bank) Primary Dealers, primarily benefiting major European (Primary Dealer) banks. –  for the purpose of “mitigating heightened stress in funding markets.”

These ST OMO “secretive bailout operation” pumped out $855 billion between “March and December 2008.”

“These operations were conducted by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York with primary dealers as counterparties through an auction process under the standard legal authority for conducting temporary open market operations. In these transactions, primary dealers could deliver any of the types of securities–Treasuries, agency debt, or agency MBS–that are accepted in regular open market operations. By providing term funding to primary dealers, this program helped to address liquidity pressures evident across a number of financing markets and supported the flow of credit to U.S. households and business.”

“Well, not really. As the chart below shows the banks, pardon, primary dealers, that benefited the most from this secret iteration of Fed generosity were once again foreign banks, with the Top 5 borrowers being Credit Suisse, Deutsche Bank, BNP Paribas, RBS and Barclays. Together these five accounted for $593 billion of total borrowings, or 70% of the total.”

Below is a summary of who borrowed how much in total from the Fed’s ST-OMO program.

Source:  Fed Releases Details On Secret $855 Billion single-Trnache OMO Bailout Program: Just Another Foreign Bank Operation


And this brings us back again to the main point.

U.S. citizens deserve the same access to liquidity and credit guarantees that the Fed pumped out to rescue the banking system during the crisis period (2007 – 2010) when high-risk sub-prime debt took on ‘junk’ status, and fairly well ‘froze’ the system.

Certain Fed operations, like single-tranche open market operations, heavily favored major European banks – designed to mitigate “heightened stress.”

It is now time for the Fed to activate a credit facility to help relieve “heightened stress” at the family level in America.

The Leviticus 25 Plan – An Economic Acceleration Plan for America

The Leviticus 25 Plan pdf (2623)

2007-2016: Median Family Net Worth reveals severe erosion. The plan to get America back on track: The Leviticus 25 Plan

Federal Reserve monetary strategies and massive liquidity infusions targeting Wall Street’s financial sector have done nothing to restore financial stability and economic health to main street America.

U.S. citizens are mired in debt, economic growth is sluggish.

America needs a new plan…


Median Family Net Worth Below 1989 Level: Debt-To-Money Worst Since ’62

Authored by Mike Shedlock via,

ZeroHedge, Jan 9, 2018 – Excerpts:

As the stock market soars to new highs, here’s some sobering statistics to consider.  The stock market is at an all-time high but Americans Owe More, Save Less, and are Poorer Than in Decades.

Negative Wealth Percentage On the Rise

Sobering Stats

  1. A greater share of Americans have more debt than money in the bank than at any point since 1962, according to Deutsche Bank economist Torsten Slok.
  2. 30.4% of US families have negative net worth despite the recovery in housing and the stock market.
  3. Median net worth is below where it was in 1989.

But perhaps the most shocking stat of all is that, on an inflation adjusted basis, net worth may be the worst in history.


There is one dynamic new economic acceleration plan with the with the power to eliminate America’s massive debt drag, reignite economic growth, and restore economic liberty.

The Leviticus 25 Plan – An Economic Acceleration Plan for America

The Leviticus 25 Plan pdf (2621)